What is traditional copper plate photogravure? 

From a photograph taken with my digital camera, converted to black and white, I make an overhead transparency on my inkjet printer.  Then a sheet of gelatin-coated paper is made light sensitive by soaking in potassium dichromate. The gelatin paper and the transparency, as well as a continuous tone screen are exposed together under UV light.  The exposed gelatin paper is then remoistened and adhered to a copper plate. The plate is placed in warm water. Gentle agitation of the water removes excess gelatin.  Where the UV light went through the light areas of the transparent image, the gelatin hardens; where the image was darker, the gelatin stays softer.  The plate is etched in different strength baths ferric chloride (a corrosive salt).  The light hardened gelatin areas resist the etch of the ferric; the soft areas allow the etch to make the tiny impressions which will hold the ink of the next step.  The copper plate is spread with a thick oil-based ink which stays in the impressions and is wiped off the smooth surface. The plate is then placed on the bed of a press with a piece of dampened paper over the top and rolled through. The paper picks up the image as a print. The plate is then re-inked and the process repeated.  



2006-2010 The Artists’ Gallery of Steamboat, founding member and past President

2001 Iolani School, Honolulu, Hawaii: Printmaking Workshop at high school level

2001 Whiteman School, Steamboat Springs, CO: substitute art teacher, bookmaking workshop

1999 River House Editions, Steamboat Springs, Colorado; assistant printer

1999 The Nature Conservancy: volunteer photographer for A Day in the Life of Mendano Zapata Ranch

1997, 1999 Graphic Studio, University of South Florida, Tampa; participant in Photogravure Workshop with Deli Sacilotto

1983 -1999 Honolulu Academy of Arts; printmaking student under Dodie Warren

1988-1996 Punahou School, Honolulu, HI ; led various art workshops for students; substitute teacher

1990-1996 La Pietra, Hawaii School for Girls, Honolulu, Hawaii; led various art workshops for students

1978-1994 Honolulu Printmaking Workshop; helped found; board member

1975 Society of Arts and Crafts, Boston, Massachusetts; gallery volunteer

Group Exhibitions

2013 fiber, clay, ink + paper  Show at Eleanor  Bliss Center for the Arts, Steamboat Springs CO

2010 copper + cobalt, Doug West Gallery, NM

2010 Professional Women’s Photographers’ 35th Anniversary International Exhibition, NY, online exhibition, received Honorable Mention.

2011 Tilt Gallery, 2010 Photography Re-Imagined, Phoenix, AZ

2008-2009 Texas Photographic Society, ALTERNATIVE PROCESSES: Traveling Exhibition

2006-2010 The Artists’ Gallery of Steamboat  Members’ show, Steamboat Springs CO

2006 The Printed Image, Eleanor Bliss Center for the Arts, Steamboat Springs, Colorado

2003 Gateway national Art Show, Farmington, NM

2003 Summer Art , Eleanor Bliss Center for the Arts, Steamboat Springs, Colorado

2001 Winter Works, Eleanor Bliss Center for the Arts, Steamboat Springs, Colorado

2000 Business of Art Center, 3rd Biennial Printmaking Exhibition, Manitou Springs, CO

2000 Winter Works, Eleanor Bliss Center for the Arts, Steamboat Springs, Colorado

2000 Photographic Processes 2000 International Juried Exhibition, Period Gallery, Omaha, NE

1999 New Mexico Arts Council & City of Farmington Fall Regional Juried  Art Show

1999 Summer Art, Eleanor Bliss Center for the Arts, Steamboat Springs, Colorado

1999 Winter Works, Eleanor Bliss Center for the Arts, Steamboat Springs, Colorado

1998 Western Colorado Center for the Arts Brush & Palette Club Show, Grand Junction, CO

1998 Beyond Photography: Studies in Photogravure, Queen Emma Gallery, Honolulu, HI

1996 Prints show and auction, Honolulu, Hawaii

1984 -1998 Honolulu Printmakers Annual Show

1993 Kirsch Gallery, Punahou School, Honolulu, Hawaii

1986 Association of Honolulu Artists Show

Collaborative Projects

1998 hand bound book, Portraits Thirteen Photogravures exhibited Honolulu Printmakers

1997 hand bound book, Upon Reflection exhibited Honolulu Printmakers Show Purchased by Perseus Corporation and the Hawaii State Foundation for Culture and the Arts

1996 hand bound book, Photogravures  exhibited Turning the Page, Book Arts Hawaii


1972 B.F.A., Secondary Art Education, University of Denver, Denver, Colorado

1970 A.A., Bradford Junior College, Bradford, Massachusetts


1950 New York City